Prensky (2001) assumes someone of my generation must be a ‘digital native’ having grown up and gained a fluency in languages of computing and Web services to live, learn and work with. Whereas older generations are natural ‘digital immigrants’ with little experience of digital technology and require more education to become equally as competent.
After filling out the digital literacy self-test sheet (shown below) I am definitely not a ‘digital native’. as Prensky would define them.
Digital Literacy Self-Test
My results can be explained using the typology set out in a study by White and Cornu (2011) who built upon the rigid typology of Prensky. A more flexible approach, they don’t assume that age doesn’t equal competency or experience, and set out that these skills are gained with practise. The amount you practise depends on how engaged you are with various digital technologies.
The concepts are best described in this video:
Am I a visitor or a resident?
Using the JISC mapping process, I mapped out my engagement of digital technologies on a personal and educational level.
Courtesy of JISC (2014)
As you can see with the result I am primarily a digital visitor for most technologies. One of the reasons this typology is superior is because it accounts for ‘moving’ in and out of engagement, being a ‘visitor and resident’. If I would have been asked five years ago my map would be dramatically different – I was extremely engaged on a personal level with many of these platforms. Now I find myself more of a ‘lurker’, somewhat engaged through reading and writing occasional posts, but not engaging completely.
Using the ‘resident and visitor’ typology I can see that my level of engagement isn’t good practise for developing my digital skills. I believe this module will be useful for me in order to become more engaged on these platforms and begin my journey of ‘moving in’ to become a resident, practising these skills and building a professional presence online.
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Jisc. (2014). ‘Mapping process’ [online] Available at: https://www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/evaluating-digital-services/mapping-process [Accessed 11/02/2018]
Jiscnetskills. (2014). ‘Visitors and Residents Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPOG3iThmRI
Prensky, M. (2001) ‘Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 1’. On the Horizon, 9(5). [online] Available at: https://doi.org/10.1108/10748120110424816 [Accessed 11/02/2018]
White, D. S. and Cornu, A. L. (2011). ‘Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement.’ First Monday, 16(9). [online] Available at: http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049%20https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~tefko/Courses/Zadar/Readings/Selwyn%20dig%20natives,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf [Accessed 11/02/2018]
If you’re interested in online participation and lurking:
Edelmann, N. (2017). Lurking in online participation and e-participation. 2017 Fourth International Conference on eDemocracy & eGovernment (ICEDEG).