Reflecting on the Introductory Topic

On ‘Digital Visitors and Residents’

Upon reflecting on my previous blog post I believe that I have gained a better understanding of my own use of digital technologies. Beginning with the digital self-test made me aware that my digital literacy was not up to the standard which Prensky (2001) would expect of a ‘digital native’ that grew up around technology. To analyse the results of my digital self-test, using the typology of Digital Visitors and Residents (White and Cornu, 2011) has allowed me to place myself on a continuum that has informed me of why my digital literacy experience is low. The use of the mapping process and looking at the other blogs for UOSM has allowed me to also compare my usage and confirm my understanding of what it means to be a resident over a visitor. I have found that I am mostly a visitor, which is not effective in practicing the two skills of creating and maintaining an online presence and building an online network.

Understanding through discussion

The comments given to me by Xavier, Megan and Stefan have allowed me to look deeper into my usage of digital technologies through asking ‘why?’ I mapped my usage as I did. Through discussion it informed me to think about temporal nature of the mapping process and how the mapping process would have to be done regularly as shifting between being a visitor and a resident on platforms is a common practice.

Improving Digital Skills

slides of a pitch deck-1One of my lowest scores on the digital literacy self-test was the creating my own graphics, maintaining an online presence and building an online network. Throughout my time doing UOSM2008 and in the future I wish to get better at using Canva/Piktochart needed to make info graphics and presentations and potentially trying to make video. I am currently looking into how to maintain a professional online presence using Twitter and will update my LinkedIn to try and develop these skills throughout the module.

Comment posted on: Xavier’s Blog

Comment posted on: Megan’s Blog

Word count: 315


Prensky, M. (2001) ‘Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 1’. On the Horizon, 9(5).

White, D. S. and Cornu, A. L. (2011). ‘Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement.’ First Monday16(9).


                                                                              Created using Canva (Luke Gibbins 2018)

Digital ‘Visitors and Residents’: Moving In

Prensky (2001) assumes someone of my generation must be a ‘digital native’ having grown up and gained a fluency in languages of computing and Web services to live, learn and work with. Whereas older generations are natural ‘digital immigrants’ with little experience of digital technology and require more education to become equally as competent.

After filling out the digital literacy self-test sheet (shown below) I am definitely not a ‘digital native’. as Prensky would define them.

Digital Literacy Self-Test

Digital Self-test

My results can be explained using the typology set out in a study by White and Cornu (2011) who built upon the rigid typology of Prensky. A more flexible approach, they don’t assume that age doesn’t equal competency or experience, and set out that these skills are gained with practise. The amount you practise depends on how engaged you are with various digital technologies.

The concepts are best described in this video:

Am I a visitor or a resident?

Using the JISC mapping process, I mapped out my engagement of digital technologies on a personal and educational level.

Introtopic-Mapping correct

Courtesy of JISC (2014)

As you can see with the result I am primarily a digital visitor for most technologies. One of the reasons this typology is superior is because it accounts for ‘moving’ in and out of engagement, being a ‘visitor and resident’. If I would have been asked five years ago my map would be dramatically different – I was extremely engaged on a personal level with many of these platforms. Now I find myself more of a ‘lurker’, somewhat engaged through reading and writing occasional posts, but not engaging completely.

Using the ‘resident and visitor’ typology I can see that my level of engagement isn’t good practise for developing my digital skills. I believe this module will be useful for me in order to become more engaged on these platforms and begin my journey of ‘moving in’ to become a resident, practising these skills and building a professional presence online.

Word count: 316


Jisc. (2014). ‘Mapping process’ [online] Available at: [Accessed 11/02/2018]

Jiscnetskills. (2014). ‘Visitors and Residents Available at:

Prensky, M. (2001) ‘Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 1’. On the Horizon, 9(5). [online] Available at: [Accessed 11/02/2018]

White, D. S. and Cornu, A. L. (2011). ‘Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement.’ First Monday16(9). [online] Available at:,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf [Accessed 11/02/2018]

If you’re interested in online participation and lurking:

Edelmann, N. (2017). Lurking in online participation and e-participation. 2017 Fourth International Conference on eDemocracy & eGovernment (ICEDEG).